Emotion in the workplace
January 2018
The United States has the highest health care costs than other countries and health care is one of the important sector of the U.S economy. While the population is increasing, the cost of health care is rising too. According to 2010, Barack Obama signed into law about health care and made it affordable for regular citizens and, also to control the costs. By signing this he expends eligibility for Medicaid, decrease the growth of Medicare payments and cover millions of Americans who do not have health insurance. In the past, health care program was debated by the government. But while the medicine system was improving, the surgery became common procedure. As a result, these procedures were too expensive, doctors could not provide free services to all hospital patients. Sometime, earlier 1900 years, small group of economists founded American association for labor legislation(AALL) and it changed workers compensation, occupational health and safety laws. In 1920s, this group of economists suggested “Standard bill” for health insurance for working class Americans making $1200 or less a year. The bill included hospital care, sick pay, maternity live and death benefits for all family. In 1935, Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act without including health coverage. But in 1965, President Lyndon Johnson extended the Social Security Act to provide full health care coverage for people over the age of 65. It was difficult to reform health care because companies like Campbell’s Soup, DunkinDonuts, Cigar Associations are against paying taxes to fund health insurance expansion. At the U.S Supreme Court “Medicaid Expansion” offers federal funding to states to assist pregnant women, children, needy families, the blind, the elderly and the disabled obtaining medical care. The Affordable Care Act expanded the scope of Medicaid program and increased the number of people that States must cover. The case was argued, but U.S supreme Court made decision to uphold individual coverage.
Test
January 2018
HIPAA NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW HEALTH INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS INFORMATION 1. Uses and Disclosures: We will use your protected health information (PHI) for the purposes of treatment, payment and health care operations. Treatment includes the disclosure of health information to other providers who have referred you for services or are involved in your care. This may include doctors, nurses, technicians, health students, and other physical therapists. For example, your protected health information may be provided to a physician to whom you have been referred, to ensure that the physician has the necessary information to diagnose and treat you. Payment includes the disclosure of health information to your insurance company, including Medicare and Medicaid, so payment can be obtained for services rendered. Your insurance company may request to review your medical record to determine that your care was necessary. Health Care Operations We may use and disclose health information about you for operations of our health care practice. These uses and disclosures are necessary to run our practice and make sure that all of our patients receive quality care. For example, we may use health information to review our treatment and services and to evaluate the performance of our staff in caring for you. We may also combine health information about many patients to decide what additional services we should offer, what services are not needed, whether certain new treatments are effective, or to compare how we are doing with other facilities and to see where we can make improvements. Also, we will share your health information with third party business associates that perform various activities such as billing for our practice. We will always have a written contract between ourselves and business associates protecting the privacy of your health information. As Required By Law: We will disclose health information about you when required to do so by federal, state, or local law. Military and Veterans: If you are a member of the armed forces or separated/discharged from military services, we may release health information about you as required by military command authorities or the Department of Veterans Affairs as may be applicable. We may also release health information about foreign military personnel to the appropriate foreign military authorities. Workers’ Compensation: We may release health information about you for workers’ compensation or similar programs. These programs provide benefits for work-related injuries or illness. Public Health Risks: We may disclose health information about you for public health activities. These activities generally include the following: to prevent or control disease, injury or disability, to report child abuse or neglect, to report reactions to medications or problems with products you may be using, to notify a person who may have been exposed to a disease or may be at risk for contracting or spreading a disease or condition, to notify the appropriate government authority if we believe a patient has been the victim of abuse, neglect, or domestic violence. We will only make this disclosure if you agree or when required or authorized by law. We may also use and disclose health information about you when necessary to prevent a serious threat to your health and safety or the health and safety of the public or another person. Any disclosure would only be to someone able to help prevent the threat. Health Oversight Activities: We may disclose health information to a health oversight agency for activities authorized by law. These oversight activities include, for example, audits, investigations, inspections, and licensure. These activities are necessary for the government to monitor the health care system, government programs, and compliance with civil rights laws. Lawsuits and Disputes: If you are involved in a lawsuit or dispute, we may disclose health information about you in response to a subpoena, discovery request, or other lawful process by someone else involved in the dispute, but only if efforts have been made to tell you about the request or to obtain an order protecting the information requested. Law Enforcement: We may release health information if asked to do so for law enforcement purposes, such as responding to a search warrant or subpoena, reporting certain injuries as required by law, or helping to identify or locate someone. Coroners, Health Examiners, and Funeral Directors: We may disclose your health information to a coroner or medical examiner to permit identification of a body, determine cause of death, or for other official duties. We may also disclose your health information to funeral directors. National Security and Intelligence Activities: We may release health information about you to authorized federal officials for intelligence, counterintelligence, and other national security activities authorized by law. Protective Services for the President and Others: We may disclose health information about you to authorized federal officials so they may provide protection to the President, other authorized persons or foreign heads of state or conduct special investigations. Inmates: If you are an inmate of a correctional institution or under the custody of a law enforcement official, we may release health information about you to the correctional institution or law enforcement official. Other Special Uses: Our practice may use your PHI to send you an appointment reminder, to inform you of our other health-related products and services, or to request a contribution to our charitable activities. 2. Your Privacy Rights Restrictions: You have the right to request restrictions on how your PHI is used; however, we are not required to agree with your request. If we do agree, we must abide by your request. Confidential Communications: You have the right to request confidential communication from us as a location of your choosing. This request must be in writing. Access to PHI: You have the right to request a copy of your medical records. You must make this request in writing and we may charge a fee to cover the costs of copying and mailing. Amendments: You have the right to request an amendment be made to your PHI, if you disagree with what it says about you. This request must be made in writing. If we disagree with you, we are not required to make the change. You do have the right to submit a written statement about why you disagree that will become part of your record. To request an amendment, your request must be made in writing, submitted to Rachel E. Miller, PT, and must be contained on one page of paper legibly handwritten or typed in at least 10 point font size. In addition, you must provide a reason that supports your request for an amendment. We may deny your request for an amendment if it is not in writing or does not include a reason to support the request. We may not amend parts of your medical record that we did not create. Accounting of Disclosures: You have the right to request an accounting of the disclosures made in the previous six years. These disclosures will not include those made for treatment, payment, or health care operations or for which we have obtained authorization. To request this list, you must make your request in writing to Rachel E. Miller, PT. Complaints: If you feel that your privacy rights have been violated, you have the right to make a complaint to us in writing without fear of retaliation. Your complaint should contain enough specific information so that we may adequately investigate and respond to your concerns. If you are not satisfied with our response, you may complain directly to the Secretary of Health and Human Services. Our Duty to Protect Your Privacy: We are required to comply with the federal health information privacy regulations by maintaining the privacy of your PHI. These rules require us to provide you with this document, our Notice of Privacy Practices. We reserve the right to update this notice if required by law. If we do update this notice at any time in the future, you will receive a revised notice when you next seek treatment from us. Privacy Contact: If you would like more information about our privacy practices or to file a complaint, you may contact: Rachel E. Miller, PT 11820 Parklawn Drive, Suite 120 Rockville, MD 20852
Emotion in Workplace
January 2018
HIPAA NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW HEALTH INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS INFORMATION 1. Uses and Disclosures: We will use your protected health information (PHI) for the purposes of treatment, payment and health care operations. Treatment includes the disclosure of health information to other providers who have referred you for services or are involved in your care. This may include doctors, nurses, technicians, health students, and other physical therapists. For example, your protected health information may be provided to a physician to whom you have been referred, to ensure that the physician has the necessary information to diagnose and treat you. Payment includes the disclosure of health information to your insurance company, including Medicare and Medicaid, so payment can be obtained for services rendered. Your insurance company may request to review your medical record to determine that your care was necessary. Health Care Operations We may use and disclose health information about you for operations of our health care practice. These uses and disclosures are necessary to run our practice and make sure that all of our patients receive quality care. For example, we may use health information to review our treatment and services and to evaluate the performance of our staff in caring for you. We may also combine health information about many patients to decide what additional services we should offer, what services are not needed, whether certain new treatments are effective, or to compare how we are doing with other facilities and to see where we can make improvements. Also, we will share your health information with third party business associates that perform various activities such as billing for our practice. We will always have a written contract between ourselves and business associates protecting the privacy of your health information. As Required By Law: We will disclose health information about you when required to do so by federal, state, or local law. Military and Veterans: If you are a member of the armed forces or separated/discharged from military services, we may release health information about you as required by military command authorities or the Department of Veterans Affairs as may be applicable. We may also release health information about foreign military personnel to the appropriate foreign military authorities. Workers’ Compensation: We may release health information about you for workers’ compensation or similar programs. These programs provide benefits for work-related injuries or illness. Public Health Risks: We may disclose health information about you for public health activities. These activities generally include the following: to prevent or control disease, injury or disability, to report child abuse or neglect, to report reactions to medications or problems with products you may be using, to notify a person who may have been exposed to a disease or may be at risk for contracting or spreading a disease or condition, to notify the appropriate government authority if we believe a patient has been the victim of abuse, neglect, or domestic violence. We will only make this disclosure if you agree or when required or authorized by law. We may also use and disclose health information about you when necessary to prevent a serious threat to your health and safety or the health and safety of the public or another person. Any disclosure would only be to someone able to help prevent the threat. Health Oversight Activities: We may disclose health information to a health oversight agency for activities authorized by law. These oversight activities include, for example, audits, investigations, inspections, and licensure. These activities are necessary for the government to monitor the health care system, government programs, and compliance with civil rights laws. Lawsuits and Disputes: If you are involved in a lawsuit or dispute, we may disclose health information about you in response to a subpoena, discovery request, or other lawful process by someone else involved in the dispute, but only if efforts have been made to tell you about the request or to obtain an order protecting the information requested. Law Enforcement: We may release health information if asked to do so for law enforcement purposes, such as responding to a search warrant or subpoena, reporting certain injuries as required by law, or helping to identify or locate someone. Coroners, Health Examiners, and Funeral Directors: We may disclose your health information to a coroner or medical examiner to permit identification of a body, determine cause of death, or for other official duties. We may also disclose your health information to funeral directors. National Security and Intelligence Activities: We may release health information about you to authorized federal officials for intelligence, counterintelligence, and other national security activities authorized by law. Protective Services for the President and Others: We may disclose health information about you to authorized federal officials so they may provide protection to the President, other authorized persons or foreign heads of state or conduct special investigations. Inmates: If you are an inmate of a correctional institution or under the custody of a law enforcement official, we may release health information about you to the correctional institution or law enforcement official. Other Special Uses: Our practice may use your PHI to send you an appointment reminder, to inform you of our other health-related products and services, or to request a contribution to our charitable activities. 2. Your Privacy Rights Restrictions: You have the right to request restrictions on how your PHI is used; however, we are not required to agree with your request. If we do agree, we must abide by your request. Confidential Communications: You have the right to request confidential communication from us as a location of your choosing. This request must be in writing. Access to PHI: You have the right to request a copy of your medical records. You must make this request in writing and we may charge a fee to cover the costs of copying and mailing. Amendments: You have the right to request an amendment be made to your PHI, if you disagree with what it says about you. This request must be made in writing. If we disagree with you, we are not required to make the change. You do have the right to submit a written statement about why you disagree that will become part of your record. To request an amendment, your request must be made in writing, submitted to Rachel E. Miller, PT, and must be contained on one page of paper legibly handwritten or typed in at least 10 point font size. In addition, you must provide a reason that supports your request for an amendment. We may deny your request for an amendment if it is not in writing or does not include a reason to support the request. We may not amend parts of your medical record that we did not create. Accounting of Disclosures: You have the right to request an accounting of the disclosures made in the previous six years. These disclosures will not include those made for treatment, payment, or health care operations or for which we have obtained authorization. To request this list, you must make your request in writing to Rachel E. Miller, PT. Complaints: If you feel that your privacy rights have been violated, you have the right to make a complaint to us in writing without fear of retaliation. Your complaint should contain enough specific information so that we may adequately investigate and respond to your concerns. If you are not satisfied with our response, you may complain directly to the Secretary of Health and Human Services. Our Duty to Protect Your Privacy: We are required to comply with the federal health information privacy regulations by maintaining the privacy of your PHI. These rules require us to provide you with this document, our Notice of Privacy Practices. We reserve the right to update this notice if required by law. If we do update this notice at any time in the future, you will receive a revised notice when you next seek treatment from us. Privacy Contact: If you would like more information about our privacy practices or to file a complaint, you may contact: Rachel E. Miller, PT 11820 Parklawn Drive, Suite 120 Rockville, MD 20852
The Role of Emotion in Our Day to Day Activities
January 2018
HIPAA NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW HEALTH INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS INFORMATION 1. Uses and Disclosures: We will use your protected health information (PHI) for the purposes of treatment, payment and health care operations. Treatment includes the disclosure of health information to other providers who have referred you for services or are involved in your care. This may include doctors, nurses, technicians, health students, and other physical therapists. For example, your protected health information may be provided to a physician to whom you have been referred, to ensure that the physician has the necessary information to diagnose and treat you. Payment includes the disclosure of health information to your insurance company, including Medicare and Medicaid, so payment can be obtained for services rendered. Your insurance company may request to review your medical record to determine that your care was necessary. Health Care Operations We may use and disclose health information about you for operations of our health care practice. These uses and disclosures are necessary to run our practice and make sure that all of our patients receive quality care. For example, we may use health information to review our treatment and services and to evaluate the performance of our staff in caring for you. We may also combine health information about many patients to decide what additional services we should offer, what services are not needed, whether certain new treatments are effective, or to compare how we are doing with other facilities and to see where we can make improvements. Also, we will share your health information with third party business associates that perform various activities such as billing for our practice. We will always have a written contract between ourselves and business associates protecting the privacy of your health information. As Required By Law: We will disclose health information about you when required to do so by federal, state, or local law. Military and Veterans: If you are a member of the armed forces or separated/discharged from military services, we may release health information about you as required by military command authorities or the Department of Veterans Affairs as may be applicable. We may also release health information about foreign military personnel to the appropriate foreign military authorities. Workers’ Compensation: We may release health information about you for workers’ compensation or similar programs. These programs provide benefits for work-related injuries or illness. Public Health Risks: We may disclose health information about you for public health activities. These activities generally include the following: to prevent or control disease, injury or disability, to report child abuse or neglect, to report reactions to medications or problems with products you may be using, to notify a person who may have been exposed to a disease or may be at risk for contracting or spreading a disease or condition, to notify the appropriate government authority if we believe a patient has been the victim of abuse, neglect, or domestic violence. We will only make this disclosure if you agree or when required or authorized by law. We may also use and disclose health information about you when necessary to prevent a serious threat to your health and safety or the health and safety of the public or another person. Any disclosure would only be to someone able to help prevent the threat. Health Oversight Activities: We may disclose health information to a health oversight agency for activities authorized by law. These oversight activities include, for example, audits, investigations, inspections, and licensure. These activities are necessary for the government to monitor the health care system, government programs, and compliance with civil rights laws. Lawsuits and Disputes: If you are involved in a lawsuit or dispute, we may disclose health information about you in response to a subpoena, discovery request, or other lawful process by someone else involved in the dispute, but only if efforts have been made to tell you about the request or to obtain an order protecting the information requested. Law Enforcement: We may release health information if asked to do so for law enforcement purposes, such as responding to a search warrant or subpoena, reporting certain injuries as required by law, or helping to identify or locate someone. Coroners, Health Examiners, and Funeral Directors: We may disclose your health information to a coroner or medical examiner to permit identification of a body, determine cause of death, or for other official duties. We may also disclose your health information to funeral directors. National Security and Intelligence Activities: We may release health information about you to authorized federal officials for intelligence, counterintelligence, and other national security activities authorized by law. Protective Services for the President and Others: We may disclose health information about you to authorized federal officials so they may provide protection to the President, other authorized persons or foreign heads of state or conduct special investigations. Inmates: If you are an inmate of a correctional institution or under the custody of a law enforcement official, we may release health information about you to the correctional institution or law enforcement official. Other Special Uses: Our practice may use your PHI to send you an appointment reminder, to inform you of our other health-related products and services, or to request a contribution to our charitable activities. 2. Your Privacy Rights Restrictions: You have the right to request restrictions on how your PHI is used; however, we are not required to agree with your request. If we do agree, we must abide by your request. Confidential Communications: You have the right to request confidential communication from us as a location of your choosing. This request must be in writing. Access to PHI: You have the right to request a copy of your medical records. You must make this request in writing and we may charge a fee to cover the costs of copying and mailing. Amendments: You have the right to request an amendment be made to your PHI, if you disagree with what it says about you. This request must be made in writing. If we disagree with you, we are not required to make the change. You do have the right to submit a written statement about why you disagree that will become part of your record. To request an amendment, your request must be made in writing, submitted to Rachel E. Miller, PT, and must be contained on one page of paper legibly handwritten or typed in at least 10 point font size. In addition, you must provide a reason that supports your request for an amendment. We may deny your request for an amendment if it is not in writing or does not include a reason to support the request. We may not amend parts of your medical record that we did not create. Accounting of Disclosures: You have the right to request an accounting of the disclosures made in the previous six years. These disclosures will not include those made for treatment, payment, or health care operations or for which we have obtained authorization. To request this list, you must make your request in writing to Rachel E. Miller, PT. Complaints: If you feel that your privacy rights have been violated, you have the right to make a complaint to us in writing without fear of retaliation. Your complaint should contain enough specific information so that we may adequately investigate and respond to your concerns. If you are not satisfied with our response, you may complain directly to the Secretary of Health and Human Services. Our Duty to Protect Your Privacy: We are required to comply with the federal health information privacy regulations by maintaining the privacy of your PHI. These rules require us to provide you with this document, our Notice of Privacy Practices. We reserve the right to update this notice if required by law. If we do update this notice at any time in the future, you will receive a revised notice when you next seek treatment from us. Privacy Contact: If you would like more information about our privacy practices or to file a complaint, you may contact: Rachel E. Miller, PT 11820 Parklawn Drive, Suite 120 Rockville, MD 20852